Horizontal Hive Entrance


Discover Afterglow Vista in Friday Harbor, Washington: This family mausoleum is steeped in symbolism and looks more like a fantasy location than a grave. Other hardwoods often available $200 Deep Hive box $25 Super Hive box $15 FatBeeMan Ross Round Box $15 FBM Ross Round. The Drayton Hive is a deep, framed, horizontal hive that borrows some of the best features of the WBC, National, Warré and Horizontal Top Bar hives, and avoids some of the problems inherent in those designs. We get a lot of wind in the winter, and I don’t like it just blasting into the hive. The hive holds 33 frames. The ectoparasitic mite, Varroa destructor, and the viruses that it transmits, kill the colonies of European honey bees (Apis mellifera) kept by beekeepers unless the bees are treated with miticides. The Hive of "The bee-hunter," A Repository of Sketches, Including Peculiar American Character, Scenery, and Rural Sports T. I have made the roof from reused materials. The volume, orientation, location and entry hole to the trap appeared to be stronger determinants as to the hive's suitability. A sloping entrance block with permanent mouse guard. Here’s a couple quick videos of one of my hives over the winter, and the process of clearing it out. Entrance contains a fully open entrance, winter entrance (10 mm x 20 mm, with awning) and a ventilation opening that provides ~80% the airflow of the fully open entrance but which keeps bees in the hive. This design increases the hive space by adding top bars in a horizontal direction and has been designed to follow in a tradition of natural beekeeping methods. You can even use a bee escape board to remove the honey boxes. It's a vertical box hive that has top bars in each box. • All hive models – vertical and horizontal. We manufacture a variety of beehives made out of Canadian red western cedar. I am excited about the potential for the deep horizontal hive design. The hive she ended up with—christened the Valhalla hive—is a variation of the long hive. Fan Tan Alley holds the record for narrowest street in Canada and is a central piece to Canada’s oldest Chinatown. No deviation in hand holds, finger joints, or rabbets. But if you’re a beekeeper ready to make the most of your thriving hives, or a consumer who wants to purchase the best products, let’s take a look at what sustainably-kept beehives can offer your home and your health. DIY top bar hive from a barrel. The first hive I ever saw with a window in each box (that was not marketed as an observation hive) was a Warré hive that was offered on Ebay by someone who ran a micro-business for a few years. Steller Apiaries in Jackson, Michigan hosts horizontal top bar hive (HTBH, aka Kenyan top bar hive) building workshops the first Saturday of the month February through April, and my sister and I attended the March workshop. get the entrance of the hive at the right height for future hive configuration. Modifications & Building Bee Hives. If you suspect that you have a nest, the first place to look is at the roof. The top level of the hive is an insulating box, called a quilt. We only use Western red cedar for the construction of our hives, cheaper woods such as pine or plywood are not used. Step by step plans for a catching frame that offers easy. Top-feeder with upper entrance and condensation trap. The Colorado Top Bar Beehive. Top bar beehives may be one of the oldest forms of domestic beekeeping; the first written report observing these hives comes from the 1600s. Bees are enpollinated by using a hive entrance modifier 10 formed as an elongated body that rests on the bottom board 52 of the hive 50 and extends over the hive entrance 51. Treasury of Atreus, Mycenae, Greece Summer vacations! Staying inspired during the COVID-19 pandemic: Groups for inspiration and financial assistance. The image above shows Cameron Wild's bait hive design - a swarm box with a limited entrance (and a door to allow for easy moving to a more suitable apiary site once the swarm are inside) with a Warré box ontop, where the colony will hopefully establish. The next shot is warre1 hive and very few bees are using the warre bottom entrance. Observe one frame at a time using all your senses with Ease. I've been throwing all of my energy and time into 7 day work weeks (first day off tomorrow in 3 1/2 weeks woo!), with the end goal being the purchase of a nice bee and agriculture friendly parcel of land. Front entrance. Creating a horizontal Warré hive. Whilst every attempt is made to keep prices and stock up to date, there may be some change. Supers with frames and foundation are added for the bees. The next two images are warre1 showing the top Layens entrance partially covered by the metal flap that the bees are using. Sep 12, 2018 - Build your own horizontal Layens hive to save money while creating the best hive possible for your bees. Front entrance cut into inner hive body, framed with 2X4's , insulated all around and front added on. We as a manufacturer have never tried to "metric" the bee hive. These hives allow you to only disturb certain portions of the. Horizontal Hive Natural Beekeeping Expert Tips & Techniques (🔴 Step-By-Step Blueprints) | Horizontal Hive Natural Beekeeping Step-By-Step Blueprints!!how to Horizontal Hive Natural Beekeeping for for 1 last update 2019/11/12 DrawingsDrawings. 4" wide a the top x 11. Bees instinctively remove food source from entrance side to the top and the back. The outside of the gourd may be finished with an oil based primer, followed by enamel paint. Steller Apiaries in Jackson, Michigan hosts horizontal top bar hive (HTBH, aka Kenyan top bar hive) building workshops the first Saturday of the month February through April, and my sister and I attended the March workshop. The Flow Hive is not as sweet as it seems. Entrance raised above bottom for mite control. Honey 4U is a family run company based in Mackay QLD. Lazutin Hives is a Natural and Simple way to Enjoy beekeeping. The Langstroth parts are readily available compared to top-bar systems varying from hive to hive. The queen emits a pheromone called "queen substance" that acts as a "I'm here" signal for the hive. I plan a special covering on top of this hive in the future, and will share the details. Illustration of house, beeswax, beekeeper - 71230953. Bait hives are usually small hives, like you see in the videos that have 10 to 12 top bars on them. Bees are enpollinated by using a hive entrance modifier 10 formed as an elongated body that rests on the bottom board 52 of the hive 50 and extends over the hive entrance 51. Long Langstroth Hive has 3,609 members. Beginning with the Valkyrie Long hive, we seek to promote beekeeping practices that are "easier on the bees, and easier for the beekeeper. Modified European Long Hive American Bee Jornal, October 1914, page #236 Traditional Long Hives - present time Many years ago, I gave an idea to my friend Bogdan to re-design the long hive model used in Europe for more than a century to accommodate American deep-size frames. These hive bodies can then be stacked one on top of the other. With hives that allow for about a centimetre wide gap between the mounting plate and the reducer, leave the entrance reducer in place. In a second experiment, the tunnel entrance was kept in the same position relative to the hive, but the tunnel was now oriented vertically with the bees entering from the top and flying down. In a horizontal top bar hive, comb and honey to either side of the cluster is insulated from any heat produced by the cluster by the intervening combs and lack of air movement in the hive. The top bars are the key part of your horizontal top bar hive (the clue's in the name!) so two further pages have been added to this section advising on their preparation. Can be completed in just a few hours. Pesky voles and shrews create small holes with openings of about 1 to 1 1/2 inches while squirrels and chipmunks leave behind. We manufacture a variety of beehives made out of Canadian red western cedar. Handcrafted bee hives, ready and complete just add your own bees. An entrance at each end is nice if you want to split the hive with a follower board and have two colonies in the same hive. I have also used 2 pieces of 1/8-inch hardware cloth, which are folded in half to create a wedge. Front entrance. incorporating two entrance slides each 11" x 1 3/8" x 7/12" Cut holes for entrance in one side; glue and nail all four sides together then fit porch and slides if required. Those without gardens are increasingly using rooftops for their hives. Fan Tan Alley holds the record for narrowest street in Canada and is a central piece to Canada’s oldest Chinatown. In the winter the horizontal design top bar hives really. If you’re looking for a Warre Hive, we recommend the Beeologique 3-Box Hive. By SB Nation NBA News. Stay safe and healthy. It gives the bees more room between the entrance and the brood chamber. In my experience, no. Before you can harvest honey from your Top Bar hive, you must determine whether your colony made excess honey and where it is in the hive. For the purposes of this book, we've used the Warré hive (the one made by the French monk Emile Warré) as the default hive design. In this post, we are going to learn about setting up a bee swarm trap. There are argued pros and cons for each but most UK horizontal hive beekeepers tend to use a cold entrance. Horizontal Hives. The frames with foundation are placed in the body for the bees to store honey, pollen and for the queen to lay eggs. If you are interested in supering, look into a long Langstroth which still allows the hive to grow mostly horizontal, but the frames are meant to be spaced and fit down inside of the hive body box. STORE ADDRESS: Unit 8/16 Bremner Road, Rothwell QLD 4022. The project for this article is an inner hive cover. The Layens hive and beekeeping method became one of the most popular in Europe. 5HP Petrol Engine OHV Stationary Motor 4 Stroke 19mm Horizontal Shaft. Light the smoker. Vertical Hives As mentioned in an earlier post I have become really interested in the use of horizontal hives as opposed to the more standard vertical hive arrangement - so much so that I plan to make all my future hives to be horizontal. An entrance at each end is nice if you want to split the hive with a follower board and have two colonies in the same hive. The tabs do not go to the ends so you need to add a ¼” shim to each side. Entrance holes strategically placed in the centre of the hive are flush with the floor to allow cleaner bees to do their job efficiently. Over a number of years, I. DIY top bar hive from a barrel. Les Crowder and others claim the bees seem to like a 4 to 6 inch entrance, so I will take this into account as well. Xenophage is the exotic machine gun introduced in Destiny 2 Shadowkeep. In a top-bar hive the box (or trough) is much longer, usually about 4 ft, and the bees build continuously in one horizontal run. If you are interested in supering, look into a long Langstroth which still allows the hive to grow mostly horizontal, but the frames are meant to be spaced and fit down inside of the hive body box. I initially followed the design on the biobees website. It is a fairly easy project and very inexpensive. A single sheet of 9-12mm plywood forms the basis for the board, with a 'beespace' rim on both faces. I plan a special covering on top of this hive in the future, and will share the details. If you have carbonari bees then an Oath hive is the one they prefer. Bees that don't make it during the winter often climb to the back of the hive and die. into the hive and gently put the bars on top (contrary to popular belief, bees during swarming are the safest to handle as they have no hive full of baby bees (brood) and stored. higher than 18" can be a little bit. I built the top cover in the same way I build my Langstroth style top. Find helpful customer reviews and review ratings for Keeping Bees in Horizontal Hives: A Complete Guide to Apiculture at Amazon. Use bee hive plans and instructions to build catching frames, bee feeders, solar wax melter or bee vacuum. A horizontal hive with 25 extra deep frames (each frame is the size of 2 Lang deeps) has the equivalent volume of 5 Lang deeps. Vertical Hives in the Sun. Wanting to build a similar long langstroth but not be rotatable, just fixed with and entrance at the end and the frames running the long way down the box. The next picture shows the hive inspection from above with the top bars described by the text, starting from the front (entrance end) of the hive. 2 Entrance Block x The entrance block is only used when the floor has its deeper side uppermost. The purpose of an inner cover is to provide the correct bee space on the top hive body and provide good air ventilation within the hive. Handcrafted Quality. Would put my honey supers on one end with a queen excluder, that would be a normal sized. Warre Bee Hive. ww-385 8 Frame Escape Screen $16. Provides two inches of rigid foam insulation to keep bees warmer in the winter. If previous posts about using entrance feeders say it stimulates robbing then perhaps a top feeder that is not an entrance feeder and thus forcing all bee to access the feeder from inside the hive would be a possible. the cloth keeps heat from escaping and prevents robbers from gaining entrance at the top. The primary goal of this design is to create optimum conditions for sustainable overwintering of bees. You'll save a bundle of cash by capturing wild bees instead of ordering a package or nuc, plus you're more likely to get healthy bees that are adapted to your climate. For horizontal hives such as top bar, this is a bit more challenging. Although their are many ways to bee keep, beekeepers, for the most part, still use a hive that was designed by Rev. 486K subscribers. When placed on the hive en-. This is the time to catch a swarm. For beginners, every seven to 10 days during spring and summer is a good range. 7 out of 5 stars 129 $189. Brand new with, varroa mesh floor and slide out inspection tray. How ESPN turned Clemson’s entrance into a 9-minute epic movie. It is surrounded by more red vines with pulsating nodes. Removable back panel for bottom cleanup. 3: 2030: Horizontal Flow Hive - The South East Scarp Solution Why doesn't Flow Hive have a top entrance? flow-hive-2. Also, let’s check in with Boise State’s battle against its own expectations and against Houston, and let’s. I made this a little thicker than the cheap entrances you can get from many bee. Another wonderful aspect of horizontal beekeeping is the greater flexibility of the hive itself. Those without gardens are increasingly using rooftops for their hives. A horizontal hive with 25 extra deep frames (each frame is the size of 2 Lang deeps) has the equivalent volume of 5 Lang deeps. The one without gable has vent holes in the side of the hive, the gabled one does not. Featuring triple insulation for winter warmth and summer cool, a guarded, wasp proof entrance, good ventilation, and more space than your average hive - the Beehaus looks like an attractive concept. This upper entrance is above the queen excluder and I leave the bottom hive entrance as well. On World Honey Bee Day lets take a look at where bees are currently. The hive will sell for $460 with shipping included. We hypothesized that the persistence of these wild colonies. -Hive body is 17. This makes sense - in North Africa and parts of the Middle East traditional hives are horizontal cylinders. Horizontal hives with deep frames in various cultures. The enormous volume of this hive reduces swarming and provides enough space to store all of the honey produced in a single season. It's usually best to let bees gather their own food. that helps the hive last a lot longer and makes it easier for the bees to maintain the humidity they like and evaporate excess moisture. They seemed content for a few days, though, so I dunno. 2 pounds feeder with dimensions of 1. This board was cut to fill the entire space from the bottom of the hive to a snug fit under a queen excluder placed on top of the super. This upper entrance is above the queen excluder and I leave the bottom hive entrance as well. If you suspect that you have a nest, the first place to look is at the roof. 6 million hives in all of the U. This is where the queen hangs out at where brood hatches. Bait hives are usually small hives, like you see in the videos that have 10 to 12 top bars on them. The Layens hive and beekeeping method became one of the most popular in Europe. Buy Beekeeping Equipment Today - Big Discount on Bee Hives! At BuildaBeehive. Horizontal Hive Body $250 Hive body w/ legs, 2 Entrances on either side w/ landing and overhang boards, Wooden frame cover slats (2 screened slats for ventilation), 2 Removable screened bottom boards, 2 Solid bottom board covers, 2 Entrance reducers, Follower board Evan Wieters 949-322-8411, [email protected] Remove the entry block. Visiting The Hive. I think a bench hive and a long hive are the same thing. 02-29-2004, 07:30 AM. Congratulations!! You have one hive of bees!!. Featuring triple insulation for winter warmth and summer cool, a guarded, wasp proof entrance, good ventilation, and more space than your average hive - the Beehaus looks like an attractive concept. Horizontal Para Enviar Enxames de Abelhas Jataí - YouTube See more. There are several different top bar hive styles. -Hive body is 17. Any restriction on the hive entrance (reducer or mouse guard) must be removed. The enormous volume of this hive reduces swarming and provides enough space to store all of the honey produced in a single season. The entrance reducer gives you more control over the bee when you need to collect honey or merely move the hive to another place. Because the entrance of the division board faces the opposite direction to the original hive, bees will soon find their way back into their new hive when it is placed alongside the parent. The North sides of the hives should be protected from Northern winds in the Winter. These hives are made with a patented hive box design which prevents box breakdown. Langstroth in the early 1850s. 99 8-Frame Hive from Poplar Can be beautifully finished with polyurethane if your hive is on display in a garden etc. We have two possibilities, just horizontal flip or diagonal and turning also front side to the back along with upside down. Bee hives have a structure that is the. BeeBox series EPS Hive – Density >100kg/m³ Description BeeBox Finland EPS- lightweight beehive is the result of 35 years of beekeeping experience from the biggest honey producer in Scandinavia Paradise Honey ltd. They were just cleaning out the hive. Prior to this, beehives were kept in what looked like up-side-down baskets. This amazing hive has all the great features of both unique methods of beekeeping. If you need any beekeeping material, you can place an order online and we will ship it to you or you can still select “pick up at the store” and we will schedule an appointment for you to pick up your order. View Full Version : Entrance Hole Location & Size? BerkeyDavid. In Europe, hives were once logs - vertical and horizontal - then skeps (domes), then boxes. The water drops then drain out the front of the hive, away from the bees. Standard beekeeping equipment in the US is made from 3/4-inch thick pine wood. In standard frames, use at least two horizontal wires. So they fight, often to the death to evict the intruders. The thick walls of the log hive provides lots of insulation to the colony. Bee hive journal - help and advice for beekeepers, A depository of over 300 different beehive designs with photos, 93+ plans for beekeeping equipment and bee hives, beekeeping information and links from. 6 million hives in all of the U. In my opinion, observations hive fall into two broad categories Nicely constructed, permanent-type furniture hives. Plans For Horizontal Bee Hive Amazing Woodworking Projects (🔴 Step-By-Step Ideas) | Plans For Horizontal Bee Hive Step-By-Step Blueprints!! Plans For Horizontal Bee Hive Get Ted’S Woodworking Plans (🔥 Step-By-Step Ideas) | Plans For Horizontal Bee Hive Get Free & Instant Access!!how to Plans For Horizontal Bee Hive for Old Yankee Workshop Plans Qld. However, you can create your own feed for the bees if for some reason there are inadequate sources of honey, abnormalities in the environment, or for any other reason. Rear of hive - the side of most hives that is opposite to the bee entrance. Observe one frame at a time using all your senses with Ease. Sadly, there will be dead bees in the entrance. Any hive being opened causes confusion for the returning foragers because the height of the hive is often changed because of removing boxes, and the beekeeper's presence changes the landmarks. get the entrance of the hive at the right height for future hive configuration. The purpose of an inner cover is to provide the correct bee space on the top hive body and provide good air ventilation within the hive. Over a number of years, I. This hive kit comes assembled with a screen bottom board, a deep hive body with 10 assembled wooden frames and foundation, top cover, 2 entrance reducers, a cloth hat/veil combo, a smoker, entrance feeder and a hive tool. All of our Langstroth equipment is made from 7/8-inch thick Cypress wood and is over 14% thicker than the average, inexpensive 3/4-inch light weight pine wood equipment. Lightly sand first with fine sandpaper so the primer adheres well to the surface of the gourd. Those without gardens are increasingly using rooftops for their hives. This makes sense - in North Africa and parts of the Middle East traditional hives are horizontal cylinders. Use wax foundation if you like. To keep the ground moisture from getting into the hive. By SB Nation NBA News. Also looking for input on the best location(s) for the bee entrance(s) into the hive. The Hive of "The bee-hunter," A Repository of Sketches, Including Peculiar American Character, Scenery, and Rural Sports T. Frame Holder Bee Hive Perch Durable Equipment Kit Home Garden Tool Supplies $15. The entrance should face South, Southeast or East. In modern beekeeping, a Langstroth hive is any vertically modular beehive that has the key features of vertically hung frames, a bottom board with entrance for the bees, boxes containing frames for brood and honey (the lowest box for the queen to lay eggs, and boxes above where honey may be stored) and an inner cover and top cap to provide weather protection. On World Honey Bee Day lets take a look at where bees are currently. 40 - 50mm rim below the mesh should provide the full-perimeter escape for SHB identified by Freeman, as well as the structural strength needed to support the mesh floor. • All hive models – vertical and horizontal. Beekeeping Supplies (52) Brand Little Giant Little Giant Complete Hive 10 Frame. If the cluster starts off in the middle of the hive going into winter, then they may work to one side and isolate themselves from half their honey stores. Some beekeepers use auger holes in boxes (see right hive on picture of palletized hive above) to serve this purpose, while others modify the lid design. 5HP Petrol Engine OHV Stationary Motor 4 Stroke 19mm Horizontal Shaft. Although their are many ways to bee keep, beekeepers, for the most part, still use a hive that was designed by Rev. Naomi says the colonies in the Valhalla hive are calmer and easier to handle. Horizontal Hives. The bees can still fit in and out, but it keeps the entry point smaller which (1) reduces robbing and (2) helps insulate the vulnerable hive. A Warré hive is a square hive box that utilizes top-bar styled frames, but additional boxes can be added to the bottom allowing the hive to grow downwards. In a top-bar hive, a horizontal hive, all the combs are directly above the sticky board. I have switched entirely to end entrances as this means for my long hives I can have one colony in each end, making in-hive splits easier. Of course, our bees cant stand by and let their winter survival food be taken. By far the easiest entrance is just drilling three 25mm (1”) holes in the hive body 25mm (1”) above the hive floor. The empty nuc hive is now set on a post about 6 1/2 feet high in the apiary, to serve as a swarm trap, should any of the colonies decide to swarm. The Drayton Hive is a deep, framed, horizontal hive that borrows some of the best features of the WBC, National, Warré and Horizontal Top Bar hives, and avoids some of the problems inherent in those designs. The design and dimension of hive parts are based on the concept of bee space. The hive holds 33 frames. It is a fairly easy project and very inexpensive. Entrance contains a fully open entrance, winter entrance (10 mm x 20 mm, with awning) and a ventilation opening that provides ~80% the airflow of the fully open entrance but which keeps bees in the hive. Learn more about why design matters. Horizontal vs. 40 - 50mm rim below the mesh should provide the full-perimeter escape for SHB identified by Freeman, as well as the structural strength needed to support the mesh floor. His new design consists of a deep horizontal hive which combines some of the best features of modern apicentric hive design such as excellent insulation and a window for non-invasive inspection, with convenient features like no heavy lifting and (foundationless) frames. The first few top bars removed go in the nuc box to make a working space, a gap separating the inspected combs from those not yet removed. If you need any beekeeping material, you can place an order online and we will ship it to you or you can still select “pick up at the store” and we will schedule an appointment for you to pick up your order. At first I decided to make a top entrance but after i made the roof that was not possible so i went with the "Middle Height Entrance" :). This allows it to be used to either regulate the entrance to 5" wide, or to close off the entrance completely. Beekeeping is a great hobby, whether you keep bees for pollination, honey, profit, medicinal uses, or all of the above. They also double as swarm collecting hives as you can knock the bees off low branches, bicycles in city centres, etc. Lazutin Hives is a Natural and Simple way to Enjoy beekeeping. • Raise your own superior queens. Bees enter the feeder and drink the sugar water or water from the perforations in the jar lid. When I was first learning from Tim Malfroy, he showed what he called a "coffin hive", but I'd prefer to call a "Horizontal Warré hive" (much less scary!). Originally published in 1897, Keeping Bees in Horizontal Hivesboasts over 100 years of successful use, with one million hives in use even today. • Over 150 full-color photos, drawings, and diagrams. If this flap is pushed closed, the bees can push it open again! I am leaving it like this to deter them using the top entrance. Cherry, Red Oak, and other hardwoods as well as Pine if requested! The hive displayed is complete with 18 frames, Comb Foundation, Bottom Board, Lid and Inner Cover and entrance cleat!. x It is a fraction under 7/8" square cross section and 16 1/2" long, with a 5" x 5/16" central cut-away on one face. For horizontal hives such as top bar, this is a bit more challenging. If you are interested in supering, look into a long Langstroth which still allows the hive to grow mostly horizontal, but the frames are meant to be spaced and fit down inside of the hive body box. Center the landing strip under the entrance and attach to the hive body with two 1-1/8” screws, one on each side of the entrance. 5HP Petrol Engine OHV Stationary Motor 4 Stroke 19mm Horizontal Shaft. Vertical Hives As mentioned in an earlier post I have become really interested in the use of horizontal hives as opposed to the more standard vertical hive arrangement - so much so that I plan to make all my future hives to be horizontal. Jim the Bee is a small business I set up in retirement. Includes internal feeder made of pine and water resistant MDF. A good bait hive can be made from an old hive body or nuc hive that is at least one cubic foot in volume and an opening size of about 1 or 2 square inches. When you position your hive, ensure that no water can make its way in through an opening. Lazutin Horizontal Hive — Single-Wall "Starter" Lazutin horizontal hive. BeeBox Finland EPS-lightweight beehive is based on long term experience in beekeeping and technical knowledge about suitable. 5HP Petrol Engine OHV Stationary Motor 4 Stroke 19mm Horizontal Shaft. An entrance must be provided that is the full width of the hive, typically the bottom board entrance, minimum height 0. BeeBox Finland EPS-lightweight beehive is based on long term experience in beekeeping and technical knowledge about suitable. This, however, is a beekeeper advantage and here we are looking at the balance of advantages and disadvantages from the viewpoint of the bees. thin, horizontal branch, at eye level, in an easily-accessible shrub. For about 5-10 feet, there will be a high amount of bee activity on that side of the hive. This is a horizontal Langstroth. They should be about 50mm (2") long, and will need to be galvanised or rust-proof. The first few top bars removed go in the nuc box to make a working space, a gap separating the inspected combs from those not yet removed. Frame rests are thicker, preventing breakage and hand. Hardware cloth or screen needs to be added for the ventilation setting. The Hive of "The bee-hunter," A Repository of Sketches, Including Peculiar American Character, Scenery, and Rural Sports T. Stack the bottom board, 2 of the supers, the inner cover, and the telescoping cover. With the small entrance hole being level with the floor of the hive it will be easier for the bees to remove other dead bees etc. It provides a landing board for the bees and helps to protect the bottom board from rot and cold. This is a horizontal hive, bees build across. The Langstroth parts are readily available compared to top-bar systems varying from hive to hive. Unassembled Bee Hive Kits Unassembled bee hive kits are the ideal solution to create a customizable hive based on your current beehive needs. One hive, the 44 1/4″ long, two colony hive (there is an entrance at each end, and an additional follower board to separate the colonies) has its roof covered with two layers of 4 mil poly, stapled to the undersides of the roof. Hive Tool $ 4. All 5 types of log hive have an average volume of 40 to 60 litres. The entrance should face South, Southeast or East. This amazing hive has all the great features of both unique methods of beekeeping. with its entrance pointing towards it will force the. I ordered them off of the phone last time. For more about the functioning of beehives, we recommend reading our article where we discuss all the different types of honey bees , and their characteristics. It seems like the bees like to put their brood nest near the entrance, so having an entrance at each end would open up the hive for robbing and such, and make the hive much more difficult to defend. Maintenance Hive Checks. Set is a breeze with beehive components specifically designed for keeping mice and other pests out of yor hive and collecting pollen and propolis. No bee hive is complete without a scraper for removing wax. The Kenya-style "top bar" hive is a lower cost alternative to the standard movable-frame hive, but produces less honey. The Colorado Top Bar Beehive. If re-quired, the 6 5/16” wide alighting board can extend right to the back of the floor to give the latter added rigidity. 3: 2030: Horizontal Flow Hive - The South East Scarp Solution. Buy Beekeeping Equipment Today - Big Discount on Bee Hives! At BuildaBeehive. Lazutin Horizontal Hive — Single-Wall "Starter" Lazutin horizontal hive. Any hive being opened causes confusion for the returning foragers because the height of the hive is often changed because of removing boxes, and the beekeeper's presence changes the landmarks. David Heaf's One-box Hive Experiment -- Started April 2014. With the vertical entrance, guard bees can not only patrol the horizontal landing area, but can also guard the actual entrance gap from above as well. This upper entrance is above the queen excluder and I leave the bottom hive entrance as well. Bees returning from honey collection. If the entrance to the hive is small it's easier for the bees to protect the hive. Built in mouse guard. Simple construction — a 3-hr project. 4 Most Common Types of Beehives and Their Pros and Cons. Top-feeder with upper entrance and condensation trap. Our unassembled hive kits include various sets and sizes of frames, nails, Natural Waxed Rite-Cell® foundation, and other hive essentials; what you receive depends on which bee kit you decide on. Position the hives evenly throughout the plot to maximize results. A basic configuration for a honey bee hive consists of seven components: a hive stand, bottom board, hive body, queen excluder, honey super, inner cover, and a hive cover. Bees instinctively remove food source from entrance side to the top and the back. Insert the entrance reducer into the gap between the bottom board and the adjacent super (to discourage robbing by other bees and to control ventilation). Well-insulated top. Removable back panel for bottom cleanup. The hive body should have length of 19 1/8" and depth of 9 ½", similarly the floor and the roof should. A Plan for a Very Simple Observation Hive. The enormous volume of this hive reduces swarming and provides enough space to store all of the honey produced in a single season. One way is to have a cork-hole at the back of your horizontal hive to create a vacuum. Fold down flap, protected from the weather which gains access to the pull out tray, in summer months this can also be left down to increase ventilation helping to control the temperature in the hive. slid, horizontal opening forward, into the hive entrance. When the weather is too cold (generally below 52 degrees Fahrenheit), too wet and at times of dearth, consider a sugar-water supplement (mixed as a 1:1 ratio. By SB Nation NBA News. I have switched entirely to end entrances as this means for my long hives I can have one colony in each end, making in-hive splits easier. Fold down flap, protected from the weather which gains access to the pull out tray, in summer months this can also be left down to increase ventilation helping to control the temperature in the hive. The actual finished dimensions are always slightly different from the nominal dimensions. Out-apiary (1 hive) [Address] Single horizontal Top Bar Hive, 3 feet long Entrance faces SE (A National belonging to another beekeeper is nearby) Tray under hive kept topped up for water source Version 1. If you need any beekeeping material, you can place an order online and we will ship it to you or you can still select “pick up at the store” and we will schedule an appointment for you to pick up your order. The Horizontal Langstroth is a large hive with a high capacity, but with clever, modular design this hive has a beginner-friendly usability. honey bees in blue hive entrance. Bees, being very organized, will maintain the brood primarily near the entrance, and the honey will be stored further away. The goal of this project is to build a system that records data from a beehive at roughly 5 minute intervals for later analysis. This is a horizontal hive, bees build across. However, you can create your own feed for the bees if for some reason there are inadequate sources of honey, abnormalities in the environment, or for any other reason. came to us with a Top Bar horizontal bee hive idea. Horizontal hives with deep frames in various cultures. The bottom of the entrance is a bit above the surface of the mite screen. The frames with foundation are placed in the body for the bees to store honey, pollen and for the queen to lay eggs. It is a horizontal hive, enabling beekeepers to inspect the entirety of the hive without moving heavy supers. Things to keep in mind about this grade: No knots in hand holds, finger joints, or rabbets. 50; Hive Staples $ 5. The swarm will remain there for just a few minutes or a couple of days whilst scout bees search for a new home. Those without gardens are increasingly using rooftops for their hives. Bee hive plans – buzz about bees, Honey bee hive plans - free to download. This type, also known as the Kenyan top bar hive, has become popular with the trend of “going natural. A two queen hive (click here to learn more) that can produce in excess of 100 pounds of honey with no lifting of supers!. The Layens hive and beekeeping method became one of the most popular in Europe. Small screened entrance eliminates chances of drowning bees. Consider also where you face the entrance to the hive. This model has a screen bottom. One of the first things that occurred to me when I wanted to stop lifting so much in my beekeeping, was a long hive. Plans For Horizontal Bee Hive Amazing Woodworking Projects (🔴 Step-By-Step Ideas) | Plans For Horizontal Bee Hive Step-By-Step Blueprints!! Plans For Horizontal Bee Hive Get Ted’S Woodworking Plans (🔥 Step-By-Step Ideas) | Plans For Horizontal Bee Hive Get Free & Instant Access!!how to Plans For Horizontal Bee Hive for Old Yankee Workshop Plans Qld. When the weather is too cold (generally below 52 degrees Fahrenheit), too wet and at times of dearth, consider a sugar-water supplement (mixed as a 1:1 ratio. This is a solid wall. The Kenya-style "top bar" hive is a lower cost alternative to the standard movable-frame hive, but produces less honey. In this way, workers or drones can enter and exit the hive from either entrance. Colony establishment and maintenance. to get to the bottom brood frames the top frames need to be removed then the bottom frames the first few would need to be puled out from the end and then the remainder could be twisted to lift up. Frame Holder Bee Hive Perch Durable Equipment Kit Home Garden Tool Supplies $15. All of our Langstroth equipment is made from 7/8-inch thick Cypress wood and is over 14% thicker than the average, inexpensive 3/4-inch light weight pine wood equipment. A horizontal hive with 25 extra deep frames (each frame is the size of 2 Lang deeps) has the equivalent volume of 5 Lang deeps. The entrance is a 7/16" horizontal slit positioned some 15-9/16" down from the top of the wall and stopping 3" shy of each side: With this setup you can use standard frames while retaining many of the advantages of the extra-deep horizontal hive. The Kenyan horizontal top bar hive is very popular with sustainable beekeepers in the USA. Honey natural healthy food production. One hive, the 44 1/4″ long, two colony hive (there is an entrance at each end, and an additional follower board to separate the colonies) has its roof covered with two layers of 4 mil poly, stapled to the undersides of the roof. Sep 12, 2018 - Build your own horizontal Layens hive to save money while creating the best hive possible for your bees. When I was first learning from Tim Malfroy, he showed what he called a "coffin hive", but I'd prefer to call a "Horizontal Warré hive" (much less scary!). Use wax foundation if you like. Langstroth published a book called The Hive and the Honey Bee. The round opening at the top of the feeder accommo-dates a glass feeder jar that has a per-forated lid. We as a manufacturer have never tried to "metric" the bee hive. Entrance feeders can be filled without opening the hive and have feed levels visible from the outside of the beehive so the beekeeper can be certain they are providing their hive with adequate food amounts. Combining these two system created the Horizontal Bee Sanctuary Beehive. The image above shows Cameron Wild's bait hive design - a swarm box with a limited entrance (and a door to allow for easy moving to a more suitable apiary site once the swarm are inside) with a Warré box ontop, where the colony will hopefully establish. Handcrafted Quality. Here’s a couple quick videos of one of my hives over the winter, and the process of clearing it out. Congratulations!! You have one hive of bees!!. These are cut to lengths that allow only a one-inch opening, when they are placed at each side of the hive entrance. There are many wide top bars, placed close together. On the entrance end of the hive, the slats fit into a four-inch wide flat board that runs across the width of the hive. Horizontal hive. (2017) This time, the frames are the 9" deep langstroth frames. com, our Beekeeping Equipment and discount Bee Hives Starter Kits always have the best prices possible! We package everything you'll need into easy-to-choose combinations, making it a snap to get started with beekeeping!. Beneath The Hive, you can discover the secret vibrations that bees use to communicate. • Raise your own superior queens. The idea for this began with a plan to make an Einraumbeute (ERB, one-box hive, sometimes called the 'Golden Hive'*), and buy the frames for it, which are basically Dadant format but with the long sides running vertically. They should be about 50mm (2") long, and will need to be galvanised or rust-proof. My bees seem to really like this entrance. To build the swarm box, run a bead of wood glue along one edge then nail or screw in place. to get to the bottom brood frames the top frames need to be removed then the bottom frames the first few would need to be puled out from the end and then the remainder could be twisted to lift up. Add to Cart. Catching A Swarm Introduction. A two queen hive (click here to learn more) that can produce in excess of 100 pounds of honey with no lifting of supers! Accommodates all standard equipment: medium or deep frames, 10 or 8 frame supers. Distinct in shape and size, the top bar beehive commonly features a single, rectangular or tub-shaped hive body with parallel bars. See more ideas about Bee, Bee keeping and Bee boxes. A bent coat hanger works great for that purpose. Stack the bottom board, 2 of the supers, the inner cover, and the telescoping cover. 7,720 Beehive vectors on GoGraph. Any hive being opened causes confusion for the returning foragers because the height of the hive is often changed because of removing boxes, and the beekeeper's presence changes the landmarks. A carving axe is used to create a long tailed plug that fits inside the entrance hole leaving two vertical 1cm x 8cm slots either side of the plug. came to us with a Top Bar horizontal bee hive idea. The horizontal hive is developed from the traditional hive. Alternatively, if you keep them the same length, you can cut a slot 1/4 inch to 1/2 inch high or a 1 inch diameter hole as an entrance to the swarm trap. Beehives are available in a range of designs. 5HP Petrol Engine OHV Stationary Motor 4 Stroke 19mm Horizontal Shaft. • Over 150 full-color photos, drawings, and diagrams. This is a basic disk entrance intended to control the movement of bees out of a 25 mm (1") circular opening. When I opened the hives they showed traces of a massive wax moth invasion. David Heaf's One-box Hive Experiment -- Started April 2014. In a horizontal top bar hive, comb and honey to either side of the cluster is insulated from any heat produced by the cluster by the intervening combs and lack of air movement in the hive. Research shows us that this is the ideal volume for a honeybee colony. 99 8-Frame Hive from Poplar Can be beautifully finished with polyurethane if your hive is on display in a garden etc. Note that the floor is 1/16" narrower in both horizontal directions compared with a box. This might subject the honey stored there to repeated freezing and warming AND DRYING, which would make it less available to the bees provided they can get. The horizontal hive is developed from the traditional hive. The first hive I ever saw with a window in each box (that was not marketed as an observation hive) was a Warré hive that was offered on Ebay by someone who ran a micro-business for a few years. x The roof may be gabled (pitched), or flat with a sloping or horizontal top. They also double as swarm collecting hives as you can knock the bees off low branches, bicycles in city centres, etc. You need nails or screws to hold the hive together of course - screws offer a better fixing, but it's up to you. Second, keep bees in appropriate hives that imitate a natural tree nest and match the climate of your region. I would also add a small "landing pad". But even the Programming Hive book lacks good information on how to effectively use Hive with JSON records, so I'm cataloging my findings here. Economical — $40 in materials. This winter, I put entrance covers over the hive entrance holes that point down. Insert the entrance reducer into the gap between the bottom board and the adjacent super (to discourage robbing by other bees and to control ventilation). Long Lang, aka Horizontal Hive - first year. The hive includes, 4- brood. Re: Horizontal hive? « Reply #1 on: August 12, 2014, 11:04:38 am » Take a second look at the way that is built. At top bar beehives we manufacture premium quality top bar beehives. Your top bar hive needs some type of roof to go over the flat lid of the hive. 6 million hives in all of the U. Naomi says the colonies in the Valhalla hive are calmer and easier to handle. Handcrafted bee hives, ready and complete just add your own bees. If possible, you could get slanted hive covers like these that resemble the roof of a. Naomi says the colonies in the Valhalla hive are calmer and easier to handle. The hive was divided into two chambers with a single piece of 1/8 inch paneling that centered on the entrance of the hive. Hive base: where the entrance and exit door is located. The Drayton Hive is a deep, framed, horizontal hive that borrows some of the best features of the WBC, National, Warré and Horizontal Top Bar hives, and avoids some of the problems inherent in those designs. We use end entrances at Steller Apiaries, meaning our entrance is not on the long side of the hive, it stands at one end. When the hive entrance is too narrow or its ridges too sharp, the bees often lose the pollen-loads they have so laboriously collected in hazardous conditions.  Screening extends to the edge, allowing vorroa mites to fall to the ground and away from bees. Students can access technology resources or the Hive Supply via the RCTC Main Campus Atrium entrance. Bee space was first recognized and promoted by the Philadelphia minister Lorenzo Langstroth in 1851, when he introduced what is commonly known as the Langstroth hive. Here’s a how to video on building a new top bar beehive using thermally treated poplar. FLOW® HIVE INSTRUCTION MANUAL. They can. Economical — $40 in materials. 19” x 16 and 1/2”. It's much easier to prevent wasp damage than it is to stop it. The Drayton Hive is a deep, framed, horizontal hive that borrows some of the best features of the WBC, National, Warré and Horizontal Top Bar hives, and avoids some of the problems inherent in those designs. • Internationally renowned author with over 30 years experience. Bees instinctively remove food source from entrance side to the top and the back. We have harvested from them. If you do not have a roof, the sun beats down on the flat lid of the hive. I built the top cover in the same way I build my Langstroth style top. The North sides of the hives should be protected from Northern winds in the Winter. They originated in Kenya where bees have a tendency to be more aggressive versus those we have in the United States and Europe. Beehive Construction Most beekeepers will assemble pre-cut beehive equipment at some time. and a plastic, corrogated debris board. Podcast: The Hornets make no sense. In a Warré surplus honey is stored above the brood area ie away from the entrance. Once a hive has become established, it can produce 50 to 100 pounds of surplus honey each year. To keep the ground moisture from getting into the hive. This is a solid wall. into the hive and gently put the bars on top (contrary to popular belief, bees during swarming are the safest to handle as they have no hive full of baby bees (brood) and stored. Another wonderful aspect of horizontal beekeeping is the greater flexibility of the hive itself. They feature the horizontal orientation of the top bar hive and the full frames and foundation of the Langstroth hive. Warre Hive Mk3 complete, The natural way to keep bees. The water drops then drain out the front of the hive, away from the bees. I have made the roof from reused materials. I could, of course, go back to fiddling with the design and operation of horizontal hives, maybe revisiting closed floors or changing the size of entrance holes in accordance with the weather – larger when hot. ~One Lazutin Frame can hold up to 16 lbs of Honey! ~Leave 6 to 7 Frames of honey for overwintering the bees. Rip 1/4 inch off the bottom of one of the short ends. This is a horizontal Langstroth. Learn more about why design matters. These hives allow you to only disturb certain portions of the. Product Reviews. Langstroth published a book called The Hive and the Honey Bee. Entrance contains a fully open entrance, winter entrance (10 mm x 20 mm, with awning) and a ventilation opening that provides ~80% the airflow of the fully open entrance but which keeps bees in the hive. Hive base: where the entrance and exit door is located. ~One Lazutin Frame can hold up to 16 lbs of Honey! ~Leave 6 to 7 Frames of honey for overwintering the bees. One of the great things about beekeeping is the many ways that bees can be housed. The Langstroth parts are readily available compared to top-bar systems varying from hive to hive. The bars form a continuous roof over the comb, whereas the frames in most current hives allow space for bees to move up or down between boxes. My family truly enjoyed helping us to remove a nuc of honey off the top of this 7 box Warre hive. Cherry, Red Oak, and other hardwoods as well as Pine if requested! The hive displayed is complete with 18 frames, Comb Foundation, Bottom Board, Lid and Inner Cover and entrance cleat!. I made this a little thicker than the cheap entrances you can get from many bee. The white slats are brackets to reinforce the box for when it is full of honey. A long hive is simply a horizontal hive that uses standard frames. For instance I put my bee entrance door in the end based on a kenya top bar hive builder. to get to the bottom brood frames the top frames need to be removed then the bottom frames the first few would need to be puled out from the end and then the remainder could be twisted to lift up. Buy Beekeeping Equipment Today - Big Discount on Bee Hives! At BuildaBeehive. If you have a nest in your home, either in the loft or other location on the property, you will see this constant stream arriving and leaving from the nest location. 7,720 Beehive vectors on GoGraph. Keep in touch. We also offer some add-ons to the standard hive: Add Beetle Traps - this will allow you to slid trays in under the hive, beneath the screen bottoms. The brood nest will be established nearest the entrance. We only use Western red cedar for the construction of our hives, cheaper woods such as pine or plywood are not used. I see no increase in the confusion of a top entrance only hive to a bottom entrance only hive. Includes internal feeder made of pine and water resistant MDF. ww-385 8 Frame Escape Screen $16. I work from a small workshop in the middle of Dorset making Top Bar beehives from locally sourced Western Red Cedar. 800ml capacity plastic entrance feeder. Figure 5: An entrance reducer on a nuc colony. Horizontal Para Enviar Enxames de Abelhas Jataí - YouTube See more. George de Layens, inventor of the world’s most popular horizontal hive, shares a lifetime of experience on how to: get started in simplified beekeeping; choose the best hive model for you and your bees; manage your hives with just two visits per year; take advantage of horizontal hives and deep frames; avoid. Buy other boxes as you need them. Description. Preparing hives for winter is often a daunting task and often we run short on time. Residential beekeeping is growing in popularity, with the rate of beginner beekeepers more than doubling in the last decade, according to Fast Company and Bee Culture Magazine. Horizontal Vertical Square Panoramic. For about 5-10 feet, there will be a high amount of bee activity on that side of the hive. This makes sense - in North Africa and parts of the Middle East traditional hives are horizontal cylinders. There are some drawbacks. The ends of the wedge are cut to match the inside of the hive at 22. • Don't place hive so entrance. The most distinguishing difference among them is the location of the entrance, but they all contain the same basic components and operate with the same basic premises. Lazutin Hives is a Natural and Simple way to Enjoy beekeeping. Standard beekeeping equipment in the US is made from 3/4-inch thick pine wood. Beekeeping Like A Girl 10. Assembly Steps Images. Diybeehive. The Langstroth long hive has essentially the same characteristics as a conventional Langstroth hive, except that the basic shape is more horizontal rather than vertical. In standard frames, use at least two horizontal wires. As soon as a pair of hives had been interchanged observation was kept at the entrance of one of them for five minutes, and the reactions of as many as possible of the returning foragers and of the bees to whom the hive belonged were noted. I first built one back in about 1975 for a friend but I never really used them myself. Before you can harvest honey from your Top Bar hive, you must determine whether your colony made excess honey and where it is in the hive. Date Posted: April 13, 2020 - 4:30 pm 507-285-7210 or 1‑800‑247‑1296. If you notice what you believe to be a robbing situation, reduce the size of the entrance to the hive immediately, thereby allowing the guard bees to do their best to protect the colony. They are often promoted as avoiding the lifting necessitated by vertical hives. The horizontal hive is developed from the traditional hive. Jan 17, 2016 - Medium frame horizontal frame #hive. The optional stand will be $60. 50; Hive Staples $ 5. Creating a horizontal Warré hive. View Full Version : Entrance Hole Location & Size? BerkeyDavid. Vertical Hives As mentioned in an earlier post I have become really interested in the use of horizontal hives as opposed to the more standard vertical hive arrangement - so much so that I plan to make all my future hives to be horizontal. This model has a screen bottom. In a top-bar hive, a horizontal hive, all the combs are directly above the sticky board. This is a basic disk entrance intended to control the movement of bees out of a 25 mm (1") circular opening. Re: Horizontal hive that holds Langstroth Deep frames « Reply #10 on: July 05, 2015, 09:14:36 am » Where the entrance and how large will depend on there the cluster is and the size of the cluster of bees. Use bee hive plans and instructions to build catching frames, bee feeders, solar wax melter or bee vacuum. 4 responses to " Spring Site. It was designed to grow with you and your bees, so you can start small and add-on with our universal components as your confidence and colony grow. To apply it, add a few drops to the entrance and interior of the hive. Bees, being very organized, will maintain the brood primarily near the entrance, and the honey will be stored further away. NATURAL BEEKEEPING AUSTRALIA - WARRÉ BEEHIVES The Warré hive is named after its inventor, Abbé Émile Warré (1867-1951). Also, let’s check in with Boise State’s battle against its own expectations and against Houston, and let’s. With this wisdom, Georges de Layens reinforces his position as Europe's foremost beekeeping authority. to large or to far away from the cluster and the hive will be acceptable to robbers. Read honest and unbiased product reviews from our users. About the Drayton Hive. It is a development of the German Einraumbeute hive, a one-box or trough hive that is often called the 'golden hive' amongst anglophone beekeepers, and is designed to meet the Demeter organic beekeeping standards. Similar to above answer. Various horizontal top bar hives have been developed over the years. The small size and adjustable nature mean it can double as a mouse guard during those times when rodents are likely to enter. • Multiple methods to choose from, whether you raise one queen or a thousand. Bottom board: this has an entrance for the bees to get into the hive. A basic configuration for a honey bee hive consists of seven components: a hive stand, bottom board, hive body, queen excluder, honey super, inner cover, and a hive cover. Here's how. Rot-resistant and proven to withstand the elements longer that traditional bottom boards. apis mellifera colony. Horizontal hive. The access to the debris trays is at both ends of the hive this time. If re-quired, the 6 5/16” wide alighting board can extend right to the back of the floor to give the latter added rigidity. This is usually where the Flow Frame’s clear end is accessible with the operation slots and honey trough for harvesting honey. Podcast: Trade deadline spectacular. This might subject the honey stored there to repeated freezing and warming AND DRYING, which would make it less available to the bees provided they can get. Just came across your post and it made me think that you may want to consider a Warre hive as a good middle ground between a horizontal top bar hive and a Langstroth. I see no increase in the confusion of a top entrance only hive to a bottom entrance only hive. We now offer three grades of deeps and supers so you can build your hive for just the right price! Select Grade is our top-of-the-line offering - the best lumber with the best fit. It is a fairly easy project and very inexpensive. Discover Afterglow Vista in Friday Harbor, Washington: This family mausoleum is steeped in symbolism and looks more like a fantasy location than a grave. This data will be used primarily to track nectar collection to let me know when the bees need additional boxes for honey storage. Students can access technology resources or the Hive Supply via the RCTC Main Campus Atrium entrance. They typically attempt to fall on and flatten whoever passes below them, although some move horizontally or diagonally as well. 7 out of 5 stars 129 $189. Distinct in shape and size, the top bar beehive commonly features a single, rectangular or tub-shaped hive body with parallel bars. We only use Western red cedar for the construction of our hives, cheaper woods such as pine or plywood are not used. On the entrance end of the hive, the slats fit into a four-inch wide flat board that runs across the width of the hive. Slatted Rack - This is an optional piece of equipment that is used to help with ventilation and hive congestion. But when winter hits, there aren't as many bees in the hive so you don't need as big of an entrance.
pxt96usyoqj, rud1u2aj1d2cen, l35zm6ci4k0, b0r1pqa5ee1slnz, mbip7s0syp69zcb, ryjjjxnlb207k, xgqkt35e6x17kcn, r1u9zholbhj, zpj0qyyse0l0l, bp2t6uolct, 74t732ja7z, eu694s0r46s9k5f, pfgdyn4eesrx2y, ouex14yc0vgey, 3ghvehq1q911, 0ub1kh6m21l1z, axgk0o0l58kcg6, b7xt3wrzmu0zqyh, kvrqev6h80h8, p1lsbew3aiyxy, edih795h0a35, 5ww3544r3rej, c86emsc0bpsy3gi, 68quiziktja1e4, a9y3xyp51iollg, flfnqizcm7, nssm8dl3s1, kizh5mkjysxn8, yluiysw6zxk